On this day:
1609 – Henry Hudson reaches the river that would later be named after him – the Hudson River.
1743 – Great Britain, Austria and the Kingdom of Sardinia sign the Treaty of Worms.
1848 – Vermont railroad worker Phineas Gage survives a 3-foot (0.91 m)-plus iron rod being driven through his head; the reported effects on his behavior and personality stimulate thinking about the nature of the brain and its functions.
1956 – The IBM 305 RAMAC is introduced, the first commercial computer to use disk storage.
…and a whole lot more!